# What is an NOI and How is it Calculated?

Question: What is an NOI, and how is it calculated?

Answer: Net Operating Income (NOI) is the income generated by a real estate investment after deducting operating expenses. It is calculated by subtracting operating expenses (property taxes, insurance, maintenance costs, etc.) from the property’s gross income (rental income or revenue).

## What is an NOI and How is it Calculated? Net Operating Income (NOI) and Its Impact on Home Value

Net Operating Income, or NOI, is a key idea in real estate investment. It’s a way to see how much money a property makes. We find NOI by taking the total money a property makes and subtracting all the costs of running the property. This number is very important for people who invest in, lend money for, or own properties. It shows how well a property is doing financially.

## The Parts of NOI: Money In and Money Out

To find NOI, we need to look at two main things: income and operating expenses. Income is the money a property makes. For rental properties, this is usually the rent that tenants pay. Other ways a property might make money include fees for parking, laundry machines, or vending machines.

Operating expenses are the costs to run and keep up the property. These can be things like fees for property management, costs for maintenance and repairs, utilities, property taxes, and insurance. It’s important to remember that costs for mortgages, big repairs or improvements, and depreciation are not operating expenses. We don’t include these in the NOI. [ 1 ]

## How to Find NOI: A Simple Math Problem

Finding NOI is easy. We start by adding up all the money the property makes in a certain time, usually a year. Then, we subtract all the operating expenses for the same time. The number we get is the NOI.

Here’s the math problem:

NOI = Total Money Made – Total Operating Expenses

This problem gives us a quick look at how much money a property makes before we think about taxes and costs for financing.

## Why NOI is Important: A Way to See Profit

NOI is a great tool for people who invest in real estate. It lets us compare how much money different properties make. This is true no matter how much the properties cost or how they are financed. A higher NOI means a property makes more money. This makes NOI a big part of deciding to invest.

NOI is also used to find other important financial numbers. For example, we use NOI to find the capitalization rate, or cap rate. This shows the possible return on an investment property.

## The Cap Rate: More on NOI

The cap rate is a way to compare a property’s NOI to its market value. We find it by dividing the NOI by the property’s current market value. We then turn this into a percentage to get the cap rate.

Here’s the math problem:

Cap Rate = (NOI / Current Market Value) x 100%

The cap rate lets us look at the risk and return of different investment properties. A higher cap rate usually means a higher possible return but also more risk. A lower cap rate usually means a lower return and less risk.